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Cartography in Ecuador – MAGAP

Cartography in Ecuador – MAGAP

Project Description

NIP, SA, in consortium with the Navarra company TRACASA (50%), was awarded two contracts for the development of thematic cartography (Lot 1 and Lot 2) at the end of 2013. The works affected a total of 105 cantons and an area of approximately 121,610 km², developing thematic maps of the territory at scale 1: 25,000 with details of 1: 5,000.


Tasks developed

Geomorphology

Geomorphological study in 105 cantons with an area of approximately 121,000 km², 9,000 geomorphological units interpreted and 221 types of differentiated geoforms.

Geopedology

In 105 cantons with an approximate surface area of 121,000 km², more than 8,000 surveys were carried out, 4,400 surveys and 17,000 samples analyzed in the laboratory. The following studies have been carried out:

  • Land use capacity, 8 differentiated classes of land use capacity and 65 management units.

  • Difficulty of tillage, 5 different classes of tillage difficulty and 63 tillage units.

  • Threat of water erosion, 5 different classes of risk of water erosion.

  • Infiltration speed, more than 6,000 tests with two techniques to contrast results.

Coverage and Productive Systems

In 105 cantons with an area of approximately 121,000 km².

  • More than 100,000 doubts analyzed.

  • 8,839 chips and 35,356 crop photos.

  • 9,847 files and 9,847 photos of natural hedges.

  • 161,397 simple tokens.

  • 110 surveys of key informants.

  • 5,160 surveys (sheet) to producers.

Volcanic hazards

Map of national risks of the most active volcanoes.

Accessibility

Four national maps, 283,000 km², with the following studies:

  • Road network

  • Collection centers and agricultural facilities.

  • Important economic centers.

  • Homogeneous areas.

For the accomplishment of these works the following specialized personnel have been counted on:

  • 20 soil scientists.

  • 20 geologists.

  • 17 agronomist / environmental / geographer photointerpreters.

  • 21 field technicians (agronomists / foresters).

  • 68 Field Assistants.

  • 2 SIG technicians.

  • 6 specialists in quality control.

  • 5 technicians for the elaboration of memories.

GeoPortal developed by NIP, S.A. shows, easily, all the geographic information obtained as well as all the data (graphs and alphanumeric) that have served as basis for the elaboration of the thematic maps. This information can be consulted at: http://geoportal.sigtierras.gob.ec:8080/GeoserverViewer/

Rural cadastre in Ecuador – MAGAP

Rural cadastre in Ecuador – MAGAP

Project Description

In early 2013, the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Aquaculture and Fisheries (MAGAP) of the Republic of Ecuador, within the SIGTIERRAS program, hired NIP, S.A. to develop the survey and update of the rural cadastre in two large territorial areas.

  • Zone 1 included the cantons of Antonio Ante, Cotacachi, Pedro Vicente Maldonado, La Concordia, Flavio Alfaro and Santa Lucía. The total number of properties raised was more than 163,253. .

  • Zone 3 included the cantons of Riobamba, Pangua, Tosagua and Portoviejo. The total number of properties surveyed amounted to more than 187,995.

During the years 2013 – 2015 NIP, S.A. deployed field and cabinet teams (more than 800 people) to carry out the work that was successfully completed by the end of 2015.


Tasks developed

Training

Training courses were held in all the cantons operated so that the work was done by local staff. The subjects taught have been mainly:

  • Juridical, possession of land.

  • Cartographic interpretation, photointerpretation, GPS management and tape measure.

  • SIG and digital mapping.

  • Use of digital databases.

In total, more than 600 people have been trained, mostly (90%) with a baccalaureate degree and 10% of engineers and lawyers.

Communication / Socialization

Before the beguining of the work and the completion of each canton, communication tasks
have been carried out with the local authorities (GAD) and with the main agrarian groups and communities involved.

In the course of the survey, two basic types of communication have been carried out:

  • General, using radio wedges and press advertisements.

  • Individual, by periphery and door to door to locate the largest possible number of owners.

Lifting

This part is the most complicated of the projects and consists of the realization of a field visit together with the possessor, owner or valid informant to collect the data on the possession, such as:

  • Identification of the property

  • Identification of the possessor / owner / possessor.

  • Legal status of the property.

  • Land use.

  • Natural coverage.

  • Buildings.

  • Improvements and installations.

  • Access to services.

  • Sketch of the property.

  • Sketching of buildings.

  • Photographs of buildings and legal documents.

More than 320,000 land survey cards have been made in the field, in each of which more than 100 entries appear, all in digital format under free software applications designed by NIPSA on tablet and Android OS.

Digitization and Quality Control

Processes for creation of the continuous and definitive database in the format of the client:

  • Concordance between sketches and landmarks.

  • Automatic quality control: more than 200 validations are processed in each building.

  • Semi-automatic quality control, more than 25 topological validations are processed for each site.

  • Manual quality control: all possible errors that have not been detected by previous processes are verified.

  • Once the quality controls are passed, the premises are integrated into the customer database, checking the overlaps and checking the continuity and homogeneity of the public boundaries.

Public Exposure of Results (EPR)

During which it is proceeded to inform all the owners that they wish of the obtained results and at the same time to gather new information to update the existing one.

  • More than 230 public expositions have been held, with an average duration of 3 days each.

  • Legal guidance has been given in order to legalize the properties to all the possessors who have requested it.

Final delivery

With all the data collected and contrasted in all the mentioned processes, it comes the creation of a unique database by canton, which is delivered to Sigtierras for its implantation.

Works Supervision of rural cadastre in Ecuador – MAGAP

Works Supervision of rural cadastre in Ecuador – MAGAP

Project Description

Between the years 2013-2016, NIP, S.A. has developed tasks of control of the work of surveying the rural cadastre of Ecuador in several areas of the country. Helping MAGAP achieve a cadastral survey that meets its quality standards.

  • Works Supervision of the Land Survey of Zones 2 and 4. This inspection includes 9 cantons with a total number of properties intervened that amounts to more than 255,866.

  • Works Supervision of the Land Survey of Zones 5 and 6. This inspection includes 16 cantons with a total number of properties intervened amounting to more than 327,581.

  • Works Supervision of the Land Survey of Group 7. This inspection includes 7 cantons with a total number of properties intervened amounting to more than 25,266.

The work was completed to the full satisfaction of our client in the middle of 2016.


Tasks developed

Training

Training courses have been held in Quito and Cuenca, since these contracts have been carried out from these two venues to cover the dispersion of contracts (from Mira and Espejo to Zapotillo and Espindola). The subjects taught have been mainly:

  • Juridical, possession of land.

  • Cartographic interpretation, photointerpretation, GPS management and tape measure.

  • GIS and digital mapping.

  • Use of digital databases.

In total, more than 50 people have been trained, mostly (50%) with a bachelor’s degree and 50% of engineers and lawyers.

Works Supervision

It has consisted in carrying out several processes to ensure that the quality of the work performed complies with international quality standards (ISO):

  • Revisión en campo, aproximadamente el 6% de predios visitados (40.000). Elegidos mediante sorteo ponderado (tamaño/uso) entre el 100% de los entregados.

  • Review in the cabinet, 100% of the chips (610,000) have been validated, automatically and some 40,000 manually, chosen the same as the field review.

  • Approval / rejection of work performed.

  • Meetings with the parties involved to socialize both the errors found and the successes obtained.

EPR Assistance

100% of the EPRs convened by the lifting companies have been attended, during which legal assistance has been given to all the possessors who have requested it (more than 200,000).

Economic tracking

An exhaustive control is made on the forms submitted by the supervised company. It is verified that all the invoiced items are in the contract and that they do not exceed the signed one. In case of irregularities, the contractor is informed to determine the suitability or not of these irregularities.

Final delivery

During which the complete cantonal databases are validated, performing a final quality control of all the graphic and alphanumeric data and proceeding to the approval of the final reports of each of the cantons and the complete contract.

GNC Loading Station for vehicles – FCC, S.A.

GNC Loading Station for vehicles – FCC, S.A.

Description Customer and Project

NIP, S.A. has built different CNG stations for the FCC, S.A. refuse-collection service vehicles, as well as maintaining the same. We can highlight the following:

  • CNG Station for the refuse-collection service vehicle fleet in Valencia.
  • CNG Station for the refuse-collection service vehicle fleet in Oviedo.
  • CNG Station for the refuse-collection service vehicle fleet in Vitoria.
  • CNG Station for the refuse-collection service vehicle fleet in Reus.
  • CNG Station for the refuse-collection service vehicle fleet in Vallecas (Madrid).
  • CNG Station for the refuse-collection service vehicle fleet in Manoteras (Madrid).
  • CNG Station for the refuse-collection service vehicle fleet in Puerto de Santa Maria (Cadiz).
  • CNG Station for the refuse-collection service vehicle fleet in Salamanca.
  • CNG Station for the refuse-collection service vehicle fleet in Valencia.

Tasks developed

  • Civil Works.
  • Supply and assembly of natural gas Indoor Supply.
  • Supply and assembly of the natural gas Regulation and Metering Station (RMS).
  • Supply and assembly of the Compressor/s distribution network .
  • Supply and assembly of Main Equipment (compression modules and supply devices).
  • Supply and assembly of CNG Lines to Device/suppliers/s,
  • Supply and assembly of storage modules.
  • Supply and assembly of supply Device/s.
  • Supply and assembly of Electrical installation and control.
  • Supply and assembly of Auxiliary Installations.
    • Venting and draining network.
    • Compressed air network.
    • Fire-fighting and safety installations.
    • Other activities.
  • Installation tests and assistance for commissioning the same.
  • Documentation. Legalization of the CNG Station
Energy Optimization Plans for Different Provincial Councils

Energy Optimization Plans for Different Provincial Councils

Description Customer and Project

Over the last years, many Spanish municipalities have experimented important increase in public and private energy consumption. Different studies have revealed that reasonably priced energy saving and efficiency actuations can be introduced to obtain more than 20% savings.

For that reason, some Provincial Councils, like Salamanca or Seville, have ordered several Energy Optimization Plans from NIPSA for the municipalities where the saving can be higher, in order to improve efficiency of the same.

Consultancy for preparation of Energy Optimization Plans has been carried out in the following municipalities:

  • Salamanca Province: Ciudad Rodrigo, El Payo, Fuenteguinaldo, La Fuente de San Esteban, Sancti-Spiritus, Fuentes de Oñoro, Lumbrales, Vitigudino and Gallegos de Argañán with a combined population of about 26,006.
  • Seville Province: Cantillana, Constantina, Gerena, Almadén de la Plata, Alanís de la Sierra, San Nicolás del Puerto, Villaverde del Río, Las Navas de la Concepción, and El Pedroso with a combined population of about 36,330.

Tasks developed

  • Inventory of energy equipment and installations both in public lighting grid and traffic lights as well as other municipal offices and installations. Development of an information system for element management and localization.
  • Tariff analysis. Recompilation of municipal electricity bills and making a study to optimize electricity supplies. Development of computer tools to help managing and optimizing supplies.
  • Energy diagnostics in public lighting and traffic light installations. Preparation of an energy study for each public lightening and traffic light control centre. Development of computer tools to help managing and optimizing installations.
  • Energy diagnostics in municipal dependencies. Preparation of an energy audit for each municipal dependency.
  • Actuation Plan. After detecting the measures for improving electricity billing, public lighting, traffic lights, and municipal dependencies, preparation of a Partial Plan for Energy Actuations including the analysed measures and classifying them according to economic, energy and environmental criteria. The Plan includes the works project for each measure to be taken, its estimate, indicating the characteristics / quality of the equipment to be installed.
  • Training of municipal technicians in energy saving matters and in management tools designed for monitoring actuations and municipal energy elements.
  • Training in energy efficiency and renewable energies by means of giving a course aimed at titled technicians.
  • Promotion of good energy use at home by means of diffusion campaigns in the press, publishing of leaflets, and a book summarising the work and conclusions reached.
  • Promotion for carrying out energy saving actuations in the municipality
Corporate GIS of Teruel City Council

Corporate GIS of Teruel City Council

Description Customer and Project

Development and implementation of a Geographical Information System, on the Teruel City Council Urbanism and Land Registry Areas in (Smallworld / Magik / Oracle) environment.

  • Development of Applications to interchange information with the Land Registry Management Centre.
  • Structuring and digitalization of the Urban Planning General Plan.
  • Development of maintenance tools for the Urban and Rustic Land Registries.
  • Development of applications to generate city-planning certificates.
  • Development of an application for corporate Web consultation and accessible by all City Council services.
  • Structuring and loading Base Cartography: 1:500, 1:5,000 and Orthophoto 1:5,000.

Tasks developed

  • Taking of requirements and functional design of the application.
  • Application building and testing.
  • Structuring of recompiled information.
  • Data migration to the new system and start-up.
  • User training.
  • User support and GIS license maintenance.
Digital cartography in Costa Rica

Digital cartography in Costa Rica

Description Customer and Project

The Republic of Costa Rica using funds from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) decided to carry out a complete land-registry creation project for all the premises existing in the country and the compatibility of that information with the registry of real estate. To achieve the objective, the first step was to have modern cartography with an adequate scale.

The scope of the works consists in the production of Orthophotos and digital Cartography at 1:5,000 scale of 5,106,729 Hectares and at 1:1,000 scale of 305,077 Hectares for completing and updating the Costa Rica Rural and Urban Land Registry.


Tasks developed

CartoCR1

  • Analysis of photogrammetric flight information supplied by the contractor.
  • Planning and execution of topography field support missions.
  • Planning and execution of aerial-triangulation. Planimetric and altimetric restitution.
  • Field revision, recompiling toponyms and interesting data
  • Preparation of the Digital Elevation Model (DEM)
  • Generation of Orthography. Orthoprojection, radiometric balancing
  • Edition, plotting and final delivery

Preparation of land registry and registry map in the Panama metropolitan region

Preparation of land registry and registry map in the Panama metropolitan region

Description Customer and Project

The National Land Administration Programme (PRONAT) has carried out using IDB funds a campaign with the aim of Improving legal security and guarantees of land registry and Protection of natural resources.

To achieve the objectives and specifically for the regularization of the Panama City metropolitan region land registry and registry map, the field and office works were contracted to us because of our experience in the fields of Geodetics, Photogrammetry, Cartography, Land Registry and Registry of urban premises.


Tasks developed

  • Updating of existing cartography: Recompiling of Coordinates for the Geodesic Points established as support to the georeferencing process of urban premises.
  • Field visit and recompilation of urban land registry Files duly completed with all the data of the constructed premises.
  • Preparation of Urban premises drawings for digital entitlement, organized in a database and indexed according to the regulations and scales established by Pronat.